The Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, formed based on free, democratic elections on a multiparty basis, held in December 2009 - January 2010, proceeded to the parliamentary activities with organizational decisions on personnel issues. At the opening session of the lower chamber of Oliy Majlis Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber, chairmen of committee registered, political parties, factions and deputy groups fr om the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan were elected. The Committee on the issues of Ecology and Environment Protection was first established in the structure of the Legislative Chamber.
Political platform of the Legislative Chamber has become the country's development strategy, forwarded by President Islam Karimov in the reports: “Modernization of the country and building a strong civil society - our top priority” at the joint session of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Oliy Majlis on January 27, 2010, and “Our main task - the further development of the country and increase welfare of people” at the meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers dedicated to the socio-economic development in 2009.
Based on the objectives of the Head of State, Legislative Chamber has developed and adopted the Program of legislative, control and analytical work of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2010 and subsequent years.
The purpose of the program is a comprehensive legislative support of the priority of socio-political, socio-economic and judicial reforms in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Realization of this program will enhance the role of parliament in democratic renewal and modernization of the country, everywhere in our country to realize the principle “fr om a strong state - to a strong civil society”.
The main activities of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis in 2010, were law making, monitoring implementation of adopted legislation, work with voters in the districts and citizens' appeals, development and strengthening of international and inter-parliamentary relations, coverage of parliamentary work in the media.
I. Legislative activity of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan
In 2010, 28 meetings of the Legislative Chamber were held, which adopted and sent 35 laws to the Senate, 29 of them signed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and came into force.
Laws, regulations and other documents adopted by the Legislative Chamber after thorough and interesting discussions, as usually in several readings.
For the preparation of bills in advance, parliamentary working groups were created with the involvement of members of the public expert groups on the issues of development and examination of draft laws in the Legislative Chambers’ committees, composed of leading scientists and specialists with a profound theoretical knowledge and extensive practical experience. It is particularly worth noting the cooperation of the Legislative Chamber with the Institute of Monitoring of the Current Legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, wh ere there were held a number of seminars, conferences and other events.
Introduced draft laws to the deputies was tentatively discussed at the Kengash of the Legislative Chamber.
An analysis of legislative activities of the Legislative Chamber during the reporting period indicates that the operational issues of legal regulation reforms, constant monitoring of the rulemaking process, and professional growth of parliamentarians. Adopted laws have become the guarantor of the irreversibility of change and sustainable development of all spheres of life in our society, strengthening the rule of law in Uzbekistan.
In 2010, deputies, using the right of legislative initiative, introduced 11 bills, of which 4 are taken, including 2 signed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Thus, the deputies Alikhanov B.B., Azzamov H.S., Djakbarov S.A., Samoilov S.V., Kholboev F.R. and Kuvatov F.M. prepared and introduced to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis the draft law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, A.Jumaev, B.Iminov, S.Otamuratov and S.Teshaev - the draft law “On introducing amendments and addenda to Article 113 of the Customs Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, B.Iminov, S.Otamuratov, A.Tukhtabaev and S.Teshaev - the draft law “On Amendments to the Tax Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, B.Iminov, S.Otamuratov and R.Sabirdjanov - draft Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, B.Alikhanov, A.Tursunov, and F.Kuvatov - the draft law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law “On Radiation Safety”, T.Abdusattorov, B.Alikhanov, S.Djakbarov, D.Atodjanov, P.Reimov, S.Samoilov and L.Gulyamov - the draft law “On Environmental Control”.
The Legislative Chamber adopted laws in the following areas:
- in the sphere of state building and governance, the deepening of democratic reforms – 8;
- support of law, improving the efficiency of justice, the further deepening reforms in the judicial-legal sphere – 10;
- the development of market reforms, support of sustainable growth and macroeconomic stability of economy of the country, modernization and improvement of socio-economic sphere, as well as the solution of social problems – 12;
- development of the legal framework for cooperation with international organizations and foreign countries – 3;
- in the environmental field – 2;
One of the priorities of the Legislative Chamber was the improvement of legislation in nation building and governance, the deepening democratic reforms. In this direction, laws “On the prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency”, “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the reorganization of state antimonopoly body”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with enhancement of the state tax bodies”, “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of pensions”, “On introducing amendments to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On protection of population and territories from emergency situations of natural and man-made”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan on state symbols of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Advertising” and Article 1781 of the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Administrative responsibility”, and etc were accepted.
The Law “On prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency”, which was developed and adopted by the State program “Year of the harmonically developed generation”, is aimed at further improving the legal framework for the protection of children, increasing the responsibility of authorities and agencies engaged in the prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency, as well as parents, custody and guardianship of the younger generation.
Some provisions of the Act is defined and reinforced the important role of organizations of culture and sport, tourism and the media, civil societies and non-profit organizations and their involvement in forming the harmonically developed generation and prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency, determined the order of their socio-legal and educational rehabilitation.
The law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan” “On Advertising” and Article 1781 of the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility” has a special urgency in the implementation of measures for legislative support implemented in the country of the State program “Year of harmoniously developed generation”. Adoption of the Act advertising alcoholic beverages is prohibited, and created favorable conditions for the upbringing of harmonically developed generation, formation of a healthy lifestyle among young people.
The law “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the reorganization of state antimonopoly body” developed pursuant to Presidential Decree of February 26, 2010 “On measures to further improve the system of antimonopoly regulation and development of competition” and the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of March 2, 2010 “On the organization of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on de-monopolization and development of competition”.
In accordance with the above Presidential Decree the Association of Small Business and Private Enterprise was established, the authority that included the issues of supporting entrepreneurship. Transfer of functions of business support from a governmental body to non-governmental organization is one of the best examples of the considerable work carried out in Uzbekistan on the formation of a strong civil society. In connection with this Act provides for introducing changes in such laws as the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility, the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Protection of Consumer Rights”, “On Advertising”, and Tax Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The law “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of pensions” has been developed based on Presidential Decree of December 30, 2009 “On measures to further improve the system of pensions”, a number of other acts of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
According to the Acts of the function and corresponding structure of the former system of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan, responsible for the complex pension issues, including the appointment, finance, accounting and monitoring pensions payment, social benefits, compensation and other benefits, as well as organization of medical-labor expert services, transferred from the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the management of extra-budgetary Pension Fund under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In this regard, the Act amended the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On social protection of disabled in the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On State Pensions”, “On dehkan farming” and other laws.
Development of market-oriented reforms, sustainable growth and macroeconomic stability of the economy of the country, modernization and improvement of socio-economic sphere, as well as the solution of social problems has been in the focus of the Legislative Chamber. In this direction, laws were adopted specifically relating to reforms in the economic sphere. Among them there are laws “On real estate activity”,“On Burial and Funeral Business”, “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of evaluation activity”, “On introducing amendments to Article 5 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On guarantees of entrepreneurship activity freedom”, “On introducing amendments to Article 4 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On natural monopolies”, “On introducing amendments and additions to articles 15 and 18 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On insurance activity”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On State Pensions” and Labor Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.
Law “On real estate activity” is aimed at creating a system of legal regulation of real estate activity in Uzbekistan, to balance the interests of participants in the real estate market and the state, creating favorable conditions for professional real estate activity. The Act gives the concept of real estate activity, real estate organizations and real estate agent and their legal status, establishes the legal conditions for real estate activity. The law establishes the procedure for compulsory licensing of real estate activity and qualification requirements for the realtors, to improve the quality of real estate services, the introduction of civil liability insurance of realtors, lawful rights protecting and interests of real estate services consumers.
Adoption of the above Act will significantly expand the legislation governing the real estate market, protect the legitimate rights of consumers of real estate services, create mechanisms for proper monitoring of the real-estate organizations (realtors) to the assumed obligations, ensure sustainable development of primary and secondary real estate markets, optimizes the relationship between all stakeholders in the market.
Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On State Pensions” and Labor Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, developed in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of November 19, 2009 aims at further improving the existing system of pensions by making changes and amendments to pension legislation on the integration of seniority, eligibility for preferential retirement, conditions and procedure for appointment, allocation and payment of pensions. In particular, introduced amendments to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On State Pensions” of January 1, 2011 abolishes appointment of the new pensions to the disabled of Group III, while they retain the benefits provided by the legislation on employment, priority delivery and preservation of jobs, preferential provision of technical or other means (prosthetic and orthopedic devices, wheelchairs, hearing aids, crutches, etc.), provide services for consumer and transport services. The law establishes a minimum period of seniority needed to qualify for the award of pension seniority for incomplete work, regulates the provision of benefits for early retirement to certain categories
of workers, as well as compensation for enterprises and media organizations covering the costs of pensions, appointed by survivor of the deceased as a result of industrial injury or occupational disease caused by businesses and organizations.
Introduced changes and additions by law to the Labor Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan provide for the right to the employer to initiate termination of the employment contract due to reaching retirement age, requires the employer to notify employees in writing not less than two months before its intention to terminate the employment contract when the employee reaches retirement age, and also pay a penalty in the case of early termination of fixed term employment contract in connection with the achievement of the employee retirement age.
A number of adopted laws aimed at ensuring the rule of law, improving the efficiency of justice, the further deepening reforms in the judicial-legal sphere. Among them are laws “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of the organs and institutions of justice” and “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the ordering of fireworks turnover”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Criminal Procedural Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of the interaction order of courts, prosecutors, investigators and officers with the investigation by the competent authorities of foreign countries” and “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Criminal and Criminal Procedural Codes of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to Article 103 of the Economic Procedural Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan” , “On introducing amendments to Articles 245 and 246 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility”.
Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of the organs and institutions of justice”, which was developed on the basis of Presidential Decree of May 5, 2010 “On measures to further improve the institution of notaries in the Republic of Uzbekistan” is intended to ensure the safety and protection of the rights and lawful interests of individuals and entities. The given Law makes changes and additions to the Code of Administrative Liability, Civil, Civil Procedure, Family, Tax Code and other legislative acts.
The changes and additions to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Notary” provide for the establishment of order, according to which in the Republic of Uzbekistan notarial actions on behalf of the Republic of Uzbekistan committed by notaries working in the state notary's offices, which will help to ensure reliable protection of the legitimate rights of citizens.
The Act also provides for increased qualification requirements for notaries, the introduction of compulsory training of a notary, to establish the legal status and requirements for notaries, measures to ensure citizens’ access to a notary.
Law “On introducing amendments and addenda into the Criminal Procedural Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the improvement of the interaction order of courts, prosecutors, investigators and officers with the investigation by the competent authorities of foreign countries” would improve the legal framework of cooperation between the competent authorities of Uzbekistan and foreign countries for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, including extradition and prosecution of the accused, protection of the rights of citizens, victims of crimes and other areas.
Laws “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Radiation Safety” and “On introducing amendments to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan” aimed at improving legislation in the field of environmental protection.
Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan” aimed at eliminating the existing contradictions and inconsistencies in some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which impede the uniform application of the legislation.
In accordance with international standards in force since January 17, 2005 Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Protected Natural territories”, aimed at regulating relations in the organization, protection and use of protected natural areas, the concept of “especially protected natural territories” replaced with the term “protected natural territories”.
One of the important areas of the Legislative Chamber is to develop the legal framework of cooperation with international organizations and foreign countries.
In this direction the laws were adopted “On ratification of Agreement between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Sultanate of Oman on the basis of cooperation and relations (Muscat, October 5, 2009)”, “On Ratification of the International Convention against Doping in Sport (Paris, October 19, 2005)” and “On ratification of the Protocol on introducing amendments and addenda to the Agreement on Legal Status of the Collective Security Treaty of October 7, 2002 (Dushanbe, October 6, 2007)”.
The law “On Ratification of the International Convention against Doping in Sport (Paris, October 19, 2005)” was developed in connection with the adoption of International Convention against Doping in sport by the General Conference of the United Nations on the issues of Education, Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO). The purpose of this Convention within the framework of policies and programs of UNESCO in the field of physical education and sport is to promote the prevention of doping in sport and combat the view to its elimination. International Convention against Doping in Sport is comprehensive and provides that sport should play an important role in health, in moral, cultural and physical education, as well as in promoting understanding and peace. Ratification of this Convention reaffirms the commitment of Uzbekistan to meet its international obligations.
On November 30, 2010 at the meeting of the Legislative Chamber the priorities of the lower chamber were discussed, arising from the report of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov “The concept of further deepening democratic reforms and establishing civil society in the country” at the joint session of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Oliy Majlis, held on November 12, this year.
During the discussion, representatives of all political parties’ factions and the parliamentary group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan made speeches. They noted that the head of our state forwarded wide-ranging, deeply reasoned program for the further deepening democratic reforms and establishing civil society taking into account the new stage of socio-political and socio-economic development, an objective analysis of the path traversed by Uzbekistan for over the years of independence. Achievements of previous years, the young sovereign state conclusively prove the correctness of the selected model of evolution, incremental development of the country and the need for further following this path.
It was particularly emphasized that the legislative initiatives of President Islam Karimov on introducing amendments to particular articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the adoption of new laws and the improvement actions are aimed at a more balanced distribution of powers among the three subjects of state: President - Head of State, legislative and executive powers, further democratization and liberalization of all spheres of national life. This is essentially a new stage of developing the young independent state, construction of legal civil society.
Participants of the discussion also noted that for the first time in our country, we introduce a new, responsible for democratic principles, procedures, when the nomination of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan offered by a political party with the largest number of parliamentary seats in elections to the Legislative Chamber or more political parties have obtained an equal number of seats.
An important innovation in higher authorities of the country will be the provision of the Oliy Majlis on the right to express no-confidence vote to Prime Minister, in which the entire composition of the Cabinet of Ministers resigns together. These measures significantly increase the role of political parties’ factions and parliament as a whole in addressing critical public issues.
Formulated by the head of our state six most important priorities of further deepening democratic reforms have, in the opinion of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber, essential for rapid socio-political and socio-economic development, steadily improving the welfare of the people, constitutional rights and freedoms. Successful achievement of the goals, forwarded by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, calls for a high activity and responsibility of all government and public organizations, citizens of the country.
The deputies noted that for solving complex and critical challenges facing the bicameral, professional Oliy Majlis at the current stage of development of independent Uzbekistan, it is necessary to conduct a continuous search for ways to improve the efficiency of parliamentary work, to show high activity and responsibility for initiating legislation and parliamentary inquiries, courage and consistency in promoting the interests of their constituents. In this regard, the importance of enhancing the role of factions of political parties in Parliament, to strengthen cooperation between deputies and civil society institutions and the mass-media was emphasized.
Speakers called for more effective use of such forms of parliamentary control, such as deputies' request, the hearing of executive authorities for the situation on the socio-economic area on places. The need for continuing work with voters in the districts, bringing to all the citizens the nature and content of the report of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, the legislative acts, taking into account the views of citizens in legislative work were also emphasized.
In discussing the concept of further deepening democratic reforms and establishing civil society in the country, deputies have proposed to develop a package of measures aimed at practical implementation of the legislative initiatives of the Head of our State, the improvement of parliamentary activity in the new environment. Particular attention was paid to the search for new forms and methods of work of the committees and factions, the efficient interaction of deputies of the Legislative Chamber with other subjects of legislative initiative, improving the legal machinery of parliamentarians, the study of foreign experience of normative work.
On December 30, 2010, deputies considered and approved a Program of Action for 2011 and subsequent years on practical realization of the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and establishing civil society in the country proposed by the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the joint meeting of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate on November 12, 2010.
In discussing this issue by representatives of all political parties’ factions and the parliamentary group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, who noted that the aim of the program is to determine the legal, organizational measures to practically realize the Concept and aim of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber for effective work in 2011 and subsequent years. It was also emphasized that success in achieving the goals of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, demand increase active and responsible government and public organizations, citizens of the country.
On November 18 at the meeting of the Legislative Chamber deputies reviewed the implementation of the Program on creating jobs and providing employment for 2010, wh ere the information was made by the Minister of Labor and Social Welfare, who noted that in 2010 through the organization of new mini-and micro-enterprises were created 347,4 thousand due to the development of home-based work - more than 210 thousand, through the development of poultry farming, fish farming and bee-keeping - 129,2 thousand new jobs. In densely populated regions such as the Fergana region have been created 91,5 thousand, Andijan region - 78,3 thousand, Namangan region - 71,2 thousand jobs.
Thus, in the Republic 953,7 thousand jobs had been created, which is the result of extensive work with the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan, local government authorities, relevant ministries and departments to implement the program of creating jobs and providing employment.
Then the deputies considered and approved a program of job creation and employment of the population in 2011, developed by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan to ensure improved employment, income level and quality of life, efficient use of labor potential territories and sectors of the economy, strengthening the responsibility of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokimiyats, regions, cities and districts for the creation of jobs and the employment of the population.
The program is based on analysis and evaluation of current and future labor market needs, expected outcomes of job creation in 2010, as well as the implementation of planned activities for 2011 to ensure sustainable economic growth and development of territories, including in accordance with the Anti-Crisis Program measures for 2009-2012.
Major trends and forecast parameters of the Job creation Program and employment for 2011 are determined to meet the needs of jobs for temporarily unemployed youth individuals, the first member of the labor market, workers made redundant in the course of structural changes in the economy and all available capacity and reserves to create new jobs.
The program provides for the establishment in 2011, 956,2 thousand new jobs through the investment program, localization programs of branch programs of modernization and technological upgrading of production, creation of small and micro enterprises, private sector development, domestic labor, the creation and expansion of farms and small farmers specializing in poultry raising, fish farming, beekeeping, the production of horticultural and other products, the expansion of industrial and social infrastructure, work on the improvement of human settlements, construction and repair of roads and railways, etc.
The program included arrangements to ensure the implementation of job creation forecast and to ensure employment in 2011. In particular, monitoring will be installed with a monthly review of the implementation programs to create jobs for the regions, districts, cities, industries, concrete objects, the results of which will take additional measures to ensure the approved targets for job creation.
At sessions of the Legislative Chamber issues were also addressed “On statement of border of the city Shakhrisabz”, “On the unification of Zangiata and Tashkent districts of Tashkent region and the partial changes to the territories of Zangiata, Kibray districts of Tashkent region and Khamza District of Tashkent city”, “On Abolition of Bandykhan administrative-territorial education district with the addition of its territory to Kizirik district in Surkhandaria region” and “On Renaming Akhunbabaev district of Ferghana region”, “On Renaming of Sabir Rakhimov district of Tashkent city”, “On unification of the territories of Yangiyul city and Yangiyul district of Tashkent region and assignment of Yangiyul to the category of cities of district subordination”, “On unification of the territories of Asaka city and Asaka district of Andijan region, and allocating the city of Asaka in the category of cities of district subordination” and “On unification of the territories of Akhangaran city and Akhangaran district of Tashkent region and assignment of Akhangaran to the category of cities of district submission”, prepared in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On the order of the decision of the administrative-territorial structure, naming and renaming toponymic objects in the Republic of Uzbekistan” and made by local public authorities, taking into account the views of the public.
II. Adoption of the state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan
and reviewing reports on the progress of its implementation
Implementing one of the major powers of Parliament enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Legislative Chamber paid particular attention to the adoption of the state budget for next year and review the annual and quarterly reports on the progress of its execution.
Since November 26, deputies considered the draft of State Budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2011, which was attended by all members of the Cabinet of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Deputies noted that this document has been developed taking into account the macroeconomic stability, implementation of anti-crisis measures program for 2009-2012 and a strong social policy and aimed to achieve high GDP growth rates, the formation of diversified and competitive economy, further improving the welfare and living standards. It was also emphasized that despite the global economic crisis, Uzbekistan secured high economic growth rates, performance of the state budget with a surplus. This is the results of the practical implementation of well thought-out anti-crisis measures program for 2009-2012 to prevent and neutralize the effects of the global financial crisis, forwarded by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov.
Tax policy of the country in 2011 will be aimed at further reducing the tax burden on economic entities, promoting modernization, technical and technological rearmament of production, increase of incomes and increase of their purchasing power, improving tax administration, as well as to strengthen the revenue side of local budgets. In particular, in order to increase real incomes in the next year tax rate on personal income in the first-and medium-scale tax by one percentage will be reduced. In addition, the basic rate of single tax for micro and small enterprises provided for reducing from 7 to 6 percent. This measure, by calculations, will leave at the disposal of businesses in 2011, over 50 billion sums, which will enable them to expand production and accelerate the modernization, technical and technological rearmament of enterprises.
The state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2011 envisages increasing the share of spending on social services and social support from 58,9 percent in 2010 to 59,5 percent in 2011, representing 13,1 percent of GDP. The steady rise in incomes and living standards is being provided, by further increases in wages, stipends and social allowances, pensions and strengthening of targeted social support.
By the state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2011, more than 5.15 billion sums will be allocated on the development of NGOs and civil society institutions, as well as the maintenance of self-governance bodies.
Execution of the State Budget were regularly heard in meetings of committees, political parties’ factions and the Legislative Chamber.
Hearing of the annual and quarterly reports on the state budget shows that income and expenditure of the State budget were implemented together with the trust funds according to the established parameters, that is the basis of the priority areas of strategic development of the country, deepening reforms and democratization of society. As a result of taken measures over-fulfillment of the budget parameters has been achieved.
In decisions taken on the basis of hearing reports indicating the deficiencies and reserves, over which one had to work in government and governance, make appropriate recommendations, implementation was taken under control.
III. Control and analytical work of the committees of the
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Much attention in the Legislative Chamber of the period deputies gave to the implementation of control authority function. In this case, the main goal in this direction have been enforcing laws, improving the efficiency of their implementation and enforcement of law, introducing the necessary changes and amendments to legislative acts based on careful analysis of the effectiveness of the laws and regulations.
In accordance with the plan of control and analytical work, committees of the Legislative Chamber considered a measure of control over the implementation of 36 laws, conventions, and national programs. Study covered the Republic of Karakalpakstan, all regions of the country, as well as Tashkent, a number of ministries and departments.
The results of the tests were analyzed and discussed in committee meetings with the heads and specialists of state bodies, public associations and other interested organizations. Outcome of the discussion reported in the media, the recommendations on addressing identified deficiencies have been put under control. Performance testing before the Committee's decisions on the results of analytical work were practiced.
In general, during the control and analysis of the deputies on places could provide practical assistance in addressing the identified deficiencies and omissions, to intensify the work of local authorities to comply strictly with the law.
Discussion of the results of control and analytical measures served as the basis for decision-making by committees to develop a series of legislative acts aimed at improving the existing legislation. Thus, during the consideration of the execution of the laws “On Defense”, “On Combating Terrorism” and “On Universal Military Duty and Military Service” by the Committee on the Issues of Defense and Security, the Law “On Consumers’ rights Protection” by the Committee on the Issues of Industry, Construction and Trade, Laws “On seed production” and “On farming” by the Committee on Agriculture and Water Management Issues, the Law “On informatization” by the Committee on Information and Сommunication technologies was initiated by consideration of amendments to the relevant articles of these laws.
Analysis of the monitoring activities of the Legislative Chamber during the reporting period has shown the desire of committees to pay particular attention at studying law enforcement in most priority areas of our society. Intensified its efforts to bring the control and analysis of local Councils’ Deputies, chairmen of local civil societies and their advisers, a wide range of specialists and experts. In the parliamentary working group the implementation of legislation often included practitioners, academics, the Institute of Monitoring of the Current Legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.The results of exit checks at committee meetings, meetings in khokimiyats widely practiced by consideration involving not only deputies but also officials of relevant organizations. This has ensured a higher level of responsibility of managers for strict observance of existing regulations and improve legal culture. Committees of the Legislative Chamber increased control over the implementation of its recommendations aimed at addressing the identified deficiencies. This has contributed to positive change in the situation on places, improving the efficiency of parliamentary work.
On September 9 at the meeting of the Legislative Chamber, in accordance with the authority vested to Oliy Majlis by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the deputies held parliamentary hearings on the results of implementing the UN Millennium Development Goals in Uzbekistan. They were initiated by the committees of the Legislative Chamber on Democratic Institutions, NGOs and Civil Society, as well as on International Affairs and Inter-parliamentary Relations in order to study the implementation of UN Millennium Development Goals in our country, to identify effective ways to further improve work in this area.
Reporters at the meeting were Deputy Prime Minister – Chairman of the Women's Committee of Uzbekistan, Minister of Labor and Social Welfare, Minister of National Education, Minister of Healthcare, Chairman of the State Committee for Nature Protection, First Deputy minister of economy. They informed about the achievements of Uzbekistan in achieving the Millennium Development Goals of UN in various spheres of our society.
In discussing the reports, representatives of all factions of political parties and the deputy group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan made critical analysis of the ongoing work of ministries and agencies in all areas of the Millennium Development Goals of UN. They also identified ways of further improving the legal framework of socio-political, socio-economic reforms, the organization of effective parliamentary and public monitoring of the executive authorities at all levels in this area. Deputies made a number of constructive proposals to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of UN in our country, strengthen the cooperation between the Oliy Majlis and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan to address the challenges currently facing the state and society.
On October 14 at the Legislative Chamber information was heard on the parliamentary inquiry on the implementation of the Program of measures for the implementation of major projects in the area of modernization, technical and technological modernization of production for 2009-2014, approved by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on March 12, 2009. The parliamentary inquiry was initiated by the deputies of the UzLiDeP faction. With information on front of deputies come up the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the First Deputy minister of Economy.
In the presentations, it was noted that a major factor to accelerate structural reforms was the establishment in Uzbekistan of a favorable investment climate, stable and dynamic development of the country's economy. In its development in 2009 due to all sources of financing there were involved investments of $ 6.4 billion, including foreign ones - 3,5 billion dollars. Thus, more than half of all assimilated investments were directed for modernization and technical re-equipment of enterprises, oriented production of goods and services.
In order to enhance the work being done to attract foreign investors against the negative effects of the global financial and economical crisis, special attention was paid to the country diversification sources of investment. As a result, Uzbekistan has attracted direct investment from countries such as Oman, Hungary, Slovakia, Singapore, Indonesia, UAE and others who were not previously considered as sources of investment.
During the lively discussions, the participants of parliamentary hearings examined the state and prospects of further improving the legal framework of modernization, technical and technological re-equipment of production. Minister of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan, chairman of the SCC, and SJC “Uzbekneftgaz”, chairman of the State Committee for Nature Protection, the chairman of “Uzbekenergo” and other senior officials of ministries and departments answered to the questions of deputies.
One of the major outcomes of these parliamentary hearings was the release of the Resolution of PP-1442 “On priorities of industrial development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2011-2015”, aimed at sustainable, dynamic and balanced development of industry in the republic, deepening structural reforms.
Committees of the Legislative Chamber began to actively use the practice of hearing the heads of ministries and departments on their implementation of laws and other legislative acts. Thus, the Committee on the Issues of Science, Education, Culture and Sports was briefed by the Minister of Public Education on measures taken for the implementation of legislation, government programs aimed at ensuring the necessary conditions for dependent children in state and orphanages of houses “Mekhribonlik” (Care), as the information of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On measures taken to ensure conditions for a healthy nutrition of educational institutions’ students”. Members of this Committee together with the Committee on the Issues of Ecology and Environment Protection were briefed by ministers of public education, as well as Higher and secondary-specialized education of the Republic of Uzbekistan and chairman of the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan to implement a system of continuous ecological education in the country.
Committee on the Issues of Industry, Construction and Trade has heard an information of the Company “Uzavtosanoat” “ On Formation of Market Relations and localization in the automotive industry”, Committee on Information and Communication Technologies – of the State Committee on de-monopolization, support of competition and entrepreneurship “On issues of improving the legal framework in the field of advertising”, Committee on the Issues of Ecology and the Environment Protection - Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources, the Chairmen of the State Committee for nature protection, The State Committee of Republic Uzbekistan on ground resources, geodesies, cartography and the state cadastreand the mayor of Djizzak region “On the implementation of the State Program for land-reclamation in Djizzakh region”, the Committee on Agriculture and Water Management - Agency “UzStandard” “On the status and problems of certification of food produced by small businesses and agricultural firms”, and the Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On the implementation of programs for the development of farming, modernization of the agrarian sector of the country, the development of additional measures to further improve the legislative base for development of farming, agricultural production”.
According to the results of the parliamentary hearings conducted an inventory of all legislative acts regulating the activity of these areas, identified promising areas for further development of industries, a number of documents aimed at regulatory support for their development and decision-making committees. This practice allowed the deputies to deeper insight into issues of related industries, increase the responsibility of the executive branch.
Exercising constant control over the execution of their own decisions, the committees of the Legislative Chamber regularly heard representatives of the relevant organs of state power and administration, took on the need for additional measures on unconditional fulfillment of legal norms.
IV. Consideration of the report of the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman), the Accounts Chamber of the Republic of Uzbekistan and political parties
The Legislative Chamber heard a report on the activities of the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman) Consideration of requests from individuals to assist in the restoration of their violated rights and freedoms is a priority for the ombudsman. Activities of the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in the development of international cooperation conducted by deepening contacts with foreign ombudsmen, international human rights organizations, and participation in international forums on human rights issues, consideration of appeals by international human rights organizations, Ombudsmen of foreign countries, foreign citizens for human rights protection. The Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights received 25 official delegations, representatives of foreign states and international organizations.
At the sessions of the Legislative Chamber there were heard the report of the Accounts Chamber of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The Accounts Chamber presented the conclusion on execution of the state budget. On the shortcomings and financial violations identified during inspections and control measures, regulations were introduced on taking action against those responsible and completion of damage inflicted to the State Budget. Following the discussion, the report of the Accounts Chamber was adopted appropriate decree of the Legislative Chamber.
In accordance with current legislation, the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis also considered the reports of political parties on the sources of funding for their activities and took appropriate decisions.
V. International cooperation of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Within the foreign policy, inter-parliamentary relations developed and strengthened, which have contributed to raising the authority of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the international scene to assist the executive branch in addressing a number of foreign policy challenges facing our state. One of the important international activities of Oliy Majlis is collaboration with the European Parliament, which established a constructive working relationship. Proof of this are meetings of the Parliamentary Cooperation Committee (PCC) “Uzbekistan-EU”, established under the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the European Union. During the reporting period in Tashkent there was held the next eighth meeting of the PCC of “Uzbekistan-EU”, during which they exchanged opinions on political development in Uzbekistan and the EU, including democratic reforms and human rights, regional security and cooperation in Central Asia, the prospects of cooperation in combating terrorism, organized crime and drug trafficking. The sides also discussed issues of environmental protection, energy and water resources in Uzbekistan and Central Asia. The meeting was attended by deputies from Austria, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Spain, Italy and Slovakia.
Creation of inter-parliamentary groups for cooperation with Uzbekistan demonstrates the intention of foreign parliaments to develop and strengthen contacts in all fields, including inter-parliamentary.
The parliaments of more than 30 countries of the world, including Japan, USA, Republic of Korea, Germany, Italy, France, Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine and other countries set up multi-format structure for the development of friendship and cooperation with Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which differ from each other's with principles and purpose of creation.
For example, Japan's two major political parties DPJ LDPJ have separate, consisting only of its party members, the Parliamentary League of Friendship “DNJ-Uzbekistan” and “LDPJ-Uzbekistan”.
In 2010, with the suggestion of the Speaker of the Senate of the Japan Satsuki Eda and the initiative of deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of Oliy Majlis in a view of the development of strategic partnership relations, friendship and cooperation, it was decided to establish an inter-parliamentary group “Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan - Parliament of Japan”.
In the UK, All-party group on Central Asia created in frames of which since 2009 a separate country all-party groups works including Uzbekistan.
To carry out specific work and to strengthen contacts with the Uzbek parliamentarians in the All-Party Group “Britain-Uzbekistan”, which unites representatives of both houses of parliament, set up five sub-groups on thematic issues such as:
1) inter-parliamentary dialogue, institutional understanding and support of inter-parliamentary exchanges;
2) democracy, human rights, rule of law;
3) regional security and stability;
4) awareness of climate change and the environment, global energy and water security;
5) economic development, trade and investment.
In 2010, in order to further develop inter-parliamentary cooperation, as well as improving the legal and legislative framework in the Oliy Majlis group of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on cooperation with the Parliament of Great Britain was established, as well as was signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the All-Party Group “UK-Uzbekistan” of Parliament of Great Britain and by the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The main task of the Friendship Group of the National Assembly “France-Uzbekistan”, consisting of representatives of various parties in the parliament, is the development of interparliamentary cooperation and promoting partnerships between the two countries. Friendship Group prepares, as a rule, a report on its activities, as well as political and economic situation in Uzbekistan to inform the French parliament. Its mission also includes informing the Uzbek Embassy in Paris on the activities of the French Parliament, the adoption of new laws and parliamentary ties with other departments of the country.
During the visit of the parliamentary delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Republic of France, in March 2010, the French side made a proposal to create in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the parliamentary group “Uzbekistan-France”, a similar group “France-Uzbekistan”, acting in the Senate and National Assembly of France. In this regard, and to further develop inter-parliamentary cooperation, as well as improving the legal, legislative base of Uzbek-French Relations between the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis and the National Assembly of France Friendship Group “Uzbekistan-France” was formed.
The ever-expanding exchange of parliamentary delegations was aimed at further expansion and strengthening of international contacts of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis. During 2010, in the lower chamber of Oliy Majlis there were adopted 46 foreign delegations from countries of Asia, America, Europe, CIS and international organizations, including 21 governmental and parliamentary, 6 delegations of international organizations and 19 representatives of embassies and other international organizations accredited in Uzbekistan, including:
delegation of the Parliament of the Czech Republic headed by the chairman of Committee on Science, Education, Culture, Youth and Sport, the House of Representatives, B.Bartosch;
the Kuwaiti delegation headed by MP of National Assembly Valid Musaid Al-Tabatabai;
member of European Parliament, Chairman of the Group on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Development S.Stevenson;
parliamentary delegation of Germany headed by the President of the Landtag of Saxony, M.Ressler;
a member of the European Parliament and the Council of directors of the group of companies “VCP Energy” E.Strasser;
members of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea;
a member of the Politburo, secretary of the Communist Party of China, Head of the Propaganda Department of CPC Central Committee Liu Yunshan;
Indonesia’s parliamentary delegation headed by vice-chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly of Indonesia Lukman Khakim Saifuddin;
delegation of the members of All-Party Parliamentary Group “Britain-Uzbekistan” of the British Parliament led by its chairman Lord J.Veyverli;
Swiss parliamentary delegation headed by Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Policy of the Council of States of the Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation, E.David;
Speaker of the faction of the Social Democratic Party of Germany in the Bundestag R.Hempelmann;
delegation of the European Parliament, headed by co-chairmen of the Parliamentary Cooperation Committee “Uzbekistan-EU” P.Bartolozzi;
delegation of the Thailand headed by Chairman of the Committee for Internal Administration of the Senate of Thailand K.Tiravatr.
In the reporting year the Legislative Chamber also visited:
Prime Minister of Estonia A.Ansip;
U.S. Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asia, R.Blake;
Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Republic, Colonel-General S.Abiyev.
Should be specially emphasized that the greatest interest in Uzbekistan showed the European countries and countries in the Asia-Pacific region, which accounted for more than half of the total number of high-level visits in the Legislative Chamber. We should also note the intensity of the Legislative Chamber on cooperation with international organizations. Foreign guests are highlighted positive developments in the economic development of our country, increase the efficiency of ongoing economic reforms and measures to improve legislation in this area.
Heads of the Legislative Chamber on a regular basis, held meetings with heads of embassies and international missions accredited in Uzbekistan. During the reporting period in the Legislative Chamber 20 meetings of heads of diplomatic missions and international organizations from Austria, Belgium, Britain, Indonesia, Malaysia, Netherlands, Pakistan, Russia, Turkmenistan, France, UNDP and OSCE was organized.
At the same time in order to establish and develop inter-parliamentary relations, learning and sharing experience of parliamentary work visits of 20 delegations of the Legislative Chamber were organized to foreign countries. Total for the accounts period 48 deputies visited foreign countries. As a rule, the participants were representatives of various factions of political parties and the parliamentary group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan.
In particular, official visits of parliamentary delegations of Uzbekistan with the participation of heads of the Legislative Chamber to Switzerland, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, People's Republic, Japan, France and the United States was made, which contributed to the further development of interparliamentary cooperation and strengthen bilateral relations between states.
With the invitation of the Swiss Parliament and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber D.Tashmukhamedova participated at the VI Conference of Women Speakers of National Parliaments (July 16-17, 2010, Bern) and at the Third World Conference of Speakers of Parliaments (July 19-21, Geneva), in the framework of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. At these conferences, meetings with speakers of - the Czech Republic, Portugal, Croatia, Japan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Morocco, Sweden and Romania were held.
A parliamentary delegation headed by Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber B.Alikhanov visited the United States and held meetings with U.S. NGOs working on environmental protection, members of Congress and members of the U.S. State Department and World Bank representatives. The delegation took part in the sessions of the Annual Meeting of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. To the Inspection Board of the World Bank was submitted claim on possible damage to people and the environment of the down streams of the Amu Darya from project of Rogun hydroelectric power station on the Vakhsh River in Tajikistan.
In addition, MP of the Legislative Chamber as international observers to port in referendums, presidential and parliamentary elections in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Britain, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. They also participated in several international conferences, forums and seminars held in Tashkent under the auspices of international organizations. The information about trips and participation in international conferences has included recommendations for effective use of international organizations in the interests of Uzbekistan.
The Legislative Chamber continues to work closely with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). On August 18, 2010, a project document of UNDP “Promoting parliamentary development” was signed. The main purpose of the project is to provide technical assistance to strengthen information and communications bases, the institutional framework of information-analytical activities of chambers of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan through:
- strengthening and further developing the capacity of Parliament, as well as apparatus of both chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
- to promote the improvement and control-analytical activities of the Chambers of Parliament;
- to strengthen the representative function of Parliament through the promotion of improving the organization of deputies and their methods of work with voters;
- improving the efficiency of apparatus of both chambers, and information and technical support to parliamentary activities.
VI. Activity of political parties’ factions and the deputy group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan
At the first session of the Legislative Chamber political parties’ factions were registered, the Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (53 members), the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (32 members), the Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Milliy Tiklanish” (31 members), the Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Adolat” (18 members) and the parliamentary group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan (15 members).
The outcome of the Lower House in 2010 show a significant increase in the role and influence of political parties on the activities of the supreme legislative body of the country.
During the reporting period, factions of political parties and the parliamentary group of the Environmental Movement of Uzbekistan made some contribution to lawmaking activity of the chamber. At their meetings issues were considered related to the introduction of bills and other documents for consideration by the Legislative Chamber, to an agreed position on them, organizing and conducting meetings of the House. This has allowed to raise the quality of legislative work and efficiency of parliamentary activities.
In considering the issues at sessions of the chamber, the political party factions, deputy group of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan have made valuable suggestions for improving the legal norms, which were necessarily taken into account at making the final version of the law.
VII. Activities undertaken by the committees of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan
One of the permanent forms of parliamentary activities are conferences, seminars, roundtables and other events, which were conducted more than 180 times in the accounting period. They mainly discussed the concept of the draft laws, theoretical and practical aspects of transformations in the socio-economic, moral and spiritual spheres of national life. Some of them were devoted to the Year of the harmonically developed generation. Activities are usually conducted with the participation of representatives of ministries and departments, various non-governmental organizations, leading domestic and foreign scientists, experts, appropriate industry, and mass media representatives. The recommendations, aimed at the place, to some extent contributed to the further growth of the legal and political culture.
For example, the Committee on Legislation, Judicial and Legal Issues organized a conference on “Judicial and Legal Reform: Current Status and Prospects”, the Committee on the Issues of Defense and Security - The Role of Uzbekistan in ensuring global and regional security”, the Committee on International Affairs and Inter-Parliamentary Relations – “The codification of legislative acts: the international experience and national practice”, the Committee on the Issues of Science, Education, Culture and Sport – “The legal basis for the development of creative and intellectual potential of young people: problems and solutions”, the Committee on Ecology and Environment Protection held international conference on the theme: “Sustainable development, environmental protection and rational use of water resources in Central Asia” and “Cross-border environmental problems in Central Asia: the application of international legal mechanisms to resolve them”, the Committee on Budget and Economic Reforms held a workshop to discuss the draft law “On the activity of credit bureaus and exchanging credit information”, the Committee on Labor and Social Issues – “The use of budgetary funds in the activities of rural health units: Situation, Problems and Solutions”, the Committee on the Issues of Industry, Construction and Trade – “The Role of Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On brand names” in the development, manufacturing and other industries, the Committee on Agriculture and Water Management Issues – “Improvement of law relating to the development of the agrarian sector”, the Committee on Democratic Institutions, NGOs and Civil Society– “Place and role of NGOs in modernization and the formation of a strong civil society in the country”, the Committee on Information and Communication Technologies – “Legal guarantees of journalistic activities” and others.
VIII. Work with citizens, holding public meetings
Protection of constitutional rights and freedoms of individuals were constantly in the field of attention of a management of the Legislative Chamber, its committees and the Staff. In matters of protection of human rights and freedoms paid much attention to work with citizens, which was conducted in strict accordance with the Law “On citizens’ appeals” powers of Parliament in this area. During the reporting period for the Legislative Chamber received 2,885 written complaints.
Most of them expressed support of the course of the country's leadership to deepen reforms, due taking care of people's welfare and targeted protection of constitutional rights and freedoms.
However, the number of complaints and petitions of citizens referred to violations of the laws by law enforcement agencies and courts, shortcomings in the activities of social welfare services, lack of attention to complaints on places. Some of them reported the infringement of the rights and lawful interests of citizens, the bureaucracy and formalism in resolving their legal claims by local authorities, courts, raises issues of employment of working population, the organization of public services.
Much of the letters came from the city of Tashkent (595), Kashkadarya (390), Surkhandarya (253), Samarkand (235), Fergana (234) and Tashkent regions (218).
Treatment, which raises the most pressing issues, is considered by the Legislative Chamber, in relevant committees and departments of the Office of the House. Deputies in the Legislative Chamber and in the constituencies conducted reception of citizens. The vast majority of the applications of citizens sent for consideration by the relevant local authorities, courts, prosecuting authorities, ministries and agencies, other competent authorities. Working with these appeals on the ground was under constant supervision.
In accordance with the Rules of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, work with voters in the districts was placed on a systemic basis, with focused study of the socio-economic reforms in the field, identifying problems and taking steps to address them. In meetings and conversations with voters deputies informed the public about the ongoing reforms in the country in all spheres of society and their results, the meaning and content of the laws, presidential decrees and resolutions of the Government, Parliament's activities, the work of political party factions and deputy groups from Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan.
In their constituencies, members of the Legislative Chamber paid main attention to monitoring the implementation of laws, the study of the work carried out on the ground of the State program “Year of harmonically developed generation”, “Year of Rural Development and Improvement”, the Anti-crisis measures program for 2009-2012.
In particular, in May 2010 the Legislative Chamber, in the framework of statutory law and implementation mechanisms controlling authority, conducted a comprehensive study with the departure of deputies to the field level of practical implementation of state programs and laws based on a specially designed program, approved by the Kengash of the Legislative Chamber. Generalized results of the study were discussed at a meeting of the Kengash of the House to develop specific recommendations addressing the identified deficiencies and harness untapped reserves.
As part of a comprehensive study on-site in December 2010, deputies reviewed according to the program questions the enforcement of laws governing the development of small and private businesses, as well as the implementation of the State program “Year of harmonically developed generation”, on the basis of which proposals were developed to further strengthen the legal protection of the legitimate business interests, to improve conditions for small business and private enterprise in the field. Also in this activity, measures implemented on the ground for unconditional implementation of the planned state program were considered.
All events with the participation of deputies of the Legislative Chamber passed at a high organizational level. At the meetings, participation of local Councils deputies was secured. The work of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber in their constituencies was conducted with a deep generalization and analysis of issues identified during interviews with voters and preparing practical proposals to address relevant issues. Particular attention was drawn to the extensive coverage in local media purposes of Deputies, held in the framework of meetings with voters.
In 2010 in the Legislative Chamber over a thousand people, representing different social strata of our society attended the meetings, discussions and excursions. Among them were students of schools, colleges and high schools, university students, students of the Academy, activists of “Kamolot” Public Youth Movement, representatives of makhallas, law enforcement organs, etc.
In general, systematic and purposeful work of the deputies with voters allowed study that is more detailed on the course of execution local government decisions, presidential decrees, the laws, to engage the local Party organizations and members of local Councils in this work. Meetings, discussions in the field have contributed to a serious study of some concern to voters' questions at the Legislative Chamber committees.
During the reporting period, Kengash of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan held 23 meetings. They discussed plans for the Legislative Chamber and the draft agenda, addressed other issues of organization of the Chamber.
During the reporting period, much attention was paid to the interaction with the media, timely coverage in print, television and radio work done by the Legislative Chamber. Activities of the Legislative Chamber are widely covered by the media. Total for the last period more than 6,000 publications (information, articles, interviews, commentaries, etc.) were published (Figure number 4) on television, radio, newspapers, Internet resources. Deputies made comments to laws, information on bills that are under development at the relevant committees in them. On National Television and Radio Company of Uzbekistan regularly transferred “parliamentary time” and “Parliamentary Hour”.
The Legislative Chamber consists of more than 148 accredited media representatives, which resulted in prompt and effective coverage of parliamentary activities in the media.
The outcome of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis in 2010, created a solid foundation for further improvement of parliamentary work, give confidence that in 2011 will cope with the tasks set before it by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and establishing civil society in the country.